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Samba共享服务器的安装总结

2011-8-8 14:21| 投稿: Linux

摘要:   Samba是SMB的一种实现方法,主要用来实现Linux系统的文件和打印服务。Linux用户通过配置使用Samba服务器可以实现与Windows用户的资源共享。守护进程smbd和nmbd是Samb...
  Samba是SMB的一种实现方法,主要用来实现Linux系统的文件和打印服务。Linux用户通过配置使用Samba服务器可以实现与Windows用户的资源共享。守护进程smbd和nmbd是Samba的核心,在全部时间内运行。nmbd程序使得通过企图计算机可以浏览Linux服务器。  公司有一台pc配置很低,也是845的老主板40g硬盘用来装系统又挂了一个80g数据用来存储软件,想了想废物利用,就自己动手搞了一个samba共享服务器存放一下常用的软件,系统装的是最小安装,只装server base基本的包,系统为centos5.5,系统安装好之后就是用yum来安装samba包,yum是个好东西所有的依赖问题都给你解决……  1.yum -y install samba  Installing for dependencies:  libsmbclient                          i386                       3.0.33-3.29.el5_6.2                       updates                     908 k  perl-Convert-ASN1                     noarch                     0.20-1.1                                  base                         42 k  samba-common                          i386                       3.0.33-3.29.el5_6.2                       updates                     6.7 M  Transaction Summary  ==============================================================================================================================================  Install       4 Package(s)  Upgrade       0 Package(s)  Total download size: 24 M  Downloading Packages:  (1/4): perl-Convert-ASN1-0.20-1.1.noarch.rpm                                                                           |  42 kB     00:00  (2/4): libsmbclient-3.0.33-3.29.el5_6.2.i386.rpm                                                                       | 908 kB     00:00  (3/4): samba-common-3.0.33-3.29.el5_6.2.i386.rpm                                                                       | 6.7 MB     00:02  (4/4): samba-3.0.33-3.29.el5_6.2.i386.rpm                                                                              |  16 MB     00:05  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  Total                                                                                                         2.7 MB/s |  24 MB     00:08  warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA signature: NOKEY, key ID e8562897  updates/gpgkey                                                                                                         | 1.5 kB     00:00  Importing GPG key 0xE8562897 "CentOS-5 Key (CentOS 5 Official Signing Key) <[email protected]>" from /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5  Running rpm_check_debug  Running Transaction Test  Finished Transaction Test  Transaction Test Succeeded  Running Transaction  Installing     : libsmbclient                                                                                                           1/4  Installing     : perl-Convert-ASN1                                                                                                      2/4  Installing     : samba-common                                                                                                           3/4  Installing     : samba                                                                                                                  4/4  Installed:  samba.i386 0:3.0.33-3.29.el5_6.2  Dependency Installed:  libsmbclient.i386 0:3.0.33-3.29.el5_6.2         perl-Convert-ASN1.noarch 0:0.20-1.1         samba-common.i386 0:3.0.33-3.29.el5_6.2  Complete!  2.安装好samba之后就是替换/etc/samba/smb.conf文件  这个文件我事先在windows上写好,然后用ssh传到/etc/samba目录,把原来的mv /etc/samba/smb.conf smbbackup.conf备份一下,然后ssh拷贝到这台机器上去。smb.conf内容如下:如果要修改可以另行修改里面添加了打印参数。  [global]  workgroup = WORKGROUP  netbios name = centos  unix charset = gb2312  dos charset = gb2312  security = user  server string = Samba Server  printcap name = /etc/printcap  load printers = yes  cups options = raw  log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log  max log size = 0  encrypt passwords = yes  smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd  socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192  local master = no  interfaces = 192.168.xxx.xxx/24 //这个可以自己修改。  dns proxy = no  [homes]  comment = Home Directories  browseable = no  writable = yes  valid users =%S  create mode = 0664  directory mode = 0775  [printers]  comment = All Printers  path = /var/spool/samba  browseable = no  public = yes  guest ok = yes  writable = no  printable = yes  printer admin = root  [print$]  comment = printer Drivers  path = /etc/samba/drivers  browseable = yes  guest ok = yes  read only = yes  write list = root  [software]  comment =Public stuff  path =/home/samba/software  public = yes  writable = yes  printable = no  write list = @staff  3.拷贝好smb.conf到/etc/samba/中去之后,用testparm看一下参数是否正确。  [[email protected] ~]# testparm  Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf  Processing section "[homes]"  Processing section "[printers]"  WARNING: The "printer admin" option is deprecated  Processing section "[print$]"  Processing section "[software]"  Loaded services file OK.  Server role: ROLE_STANDALONE  Press enter to see a dump of your service definitions  [global]  dos charset = gb2312  unix charset = gb2312  netbios name = CENTOS  server string = Samba Server  interfaces = 192.168.xxx.xxx/24  log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log  max log size = 0  socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192  printcap name = /etc/printcap  local master = No  dns proxy = No  cups options = raw  [homes]  comment = Home Directories  valid users = %S  read only = No  create mask = 0664  directory mask = 0775  browseable = No  [printers]  comment = All Printers  path = /var/spool/samba  printer admin = root  guest ok = Yes  printable = Yes  browseable = No  [print$]  comment = printer Drivers  path = /etc/samba/drivers  write list = root  guest ok = Yes  [software]  comment = Public stuff  path = /home/samba/software  write list = @staff  read only = No  guest ok = Yes  提示ok就没问题了。  4.然后重新启动一下samba服务  [[email protected] ~]# service smb start  Starting SMB services:                                     [  OK  ]  Starting NMB services:                                     [  OK  ]  ok提示成功!  5.在/home目录下建立一个samba目录mkdir samba  然后mkdir /home/samba/software目录  然后给主有读写执行权限(rwx),组和其它为读和执行的权限(rx)  本人比较喜欢数字表示方法chmod 755 /home/samba,chmod 755 /home/samba/software然后用ll看一下权限。  [[email protected] home]# ls -l samba/  total 4  drwxr-xr-x 3 zhh jsb 4096 Aug  6 00:00 software//这个为目录主有rwx,组有rx,其它为rw  权限好了然后就是添加samba用户,samba用户和系统自带的不是同一个密码哦  6.添加用户  假如我建立一个jsb的组,zhh为主  groupadd jsb  useradd -G jsb zhh//把zhh用户加入jsb组中  chown -R zhh.jsb /etc/samba/software//执行完命令后最好用ll查看一下主和组和其它的  useradd -G jsb guest//添加一个guest用户  smbpasswd -a guest//没密码的直接回车两次。  最后就是smbpasswd -a zhh//这个权限比较大所以需要设置相应的密码。  设置好密码后就可以用windows开始菜单运行中\\xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx来访问了。  7.因为添加了另外一块ide硬盘主要是用来存储软件的,所以拿到硬盘先格式化一下。  fdisk -l  Disk /dev/hda: 40.0 GB, 40020664320 bytes  255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 4865 cylinders  Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes  Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System  /dev/hda1   *           1          13      104391   83  Linux  /dev/hda2              14         144     1052257+  82  Linux swap / Solaris  /dev/hda3             145        4865    37921432+  83  Linux  Disk /dev/hdb: 80.0 GB, 80026361856 bytes  16 heads, 63 sectors/track, 155061 cylinders  Units = cylinders of 1008 * 512 = 516096 bytes  Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System  /dev/hdb1               1      155061    78150712+  83  Linux  以上第二块硬盘我已经格式化好了,其实挺简单直接用fdisk /dev/hdb来格式化就可以了n--p--回车--回车--w写入然后就可以看到/dev/hdb1了,然后建立文件系统mkfs -t ext3 /dev/hdb1就可以格式化为ext3文件了,然后再vi /etc/fstab中添加  /dev/hdb1          /home/samba/software        ext3    defaults,grpquota,usrquota        1 2  后面defaults的grpquota,usrquota 表示磁盘限额,可以不添加吧  /dev/hdb1          /home/samba/software        ext3    defaults     0 0  完成之后就是reboot一下系统看一下是否有错误,然后终端mount看一下  [[email protected] test]# mount  /dev/hda3 on / type ext3 (rw)  proc on /proc type proc (rw)  sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw)  devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,gid=5,mode=620)  /dev/hda1 on /boot type ext3 (rw)  tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw)  /dev/hdb1 on /home/samba/software type ext3 (rw,grpquota,usrquota)//看到了已经挂起  none on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type binfmt_misc (rw)  sunrpc on /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs type rpc_pipefs (rw)  8.以上完成之后基本上就是测试一下就可以了,samba共享服务器搭建好了就这么简单明了,如果想查看iostat直接用yum -y install sysstat包就可以了,不过还可以用sar具体参数用法就不多了网上也挺多的。  [[email protected] test]# iostat -x  Linux 2.6.18-194.el5 (localhost.localdomain)    08/06/2011  avg-cpu:  %user   %nice %system %iowait  %steal   %idle  0.13    0.03    0.15    0.22    0.00   99.48  Device:         rrqm/s   wrqm/s   r/s   w/s   rsec/s   wsec/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz   await  svctm  %util//最主要的参数  hda               0.10     2.88  0.16  0.43     6.37    26.48    55.62     0.03   51.03   2.40   0.14  hda1              0.01     0.00  0.00  0.00     0.02     0.00    28.66     0.00    8.90   8.51   0.00  hda2              0.02     0.00  0.00  0.00     0.02     0.00    45.83     0.00    7.54   7.54   0.00  hda3              0.07     2.88  0.16  0.43     6.32    26.48    55.69     0.03   51.15   2.39   0.14  hdb               6.30     3.47  0.32  0.14    69.06    28.86   214.70     0.02   36.59   3.31   0.15  hdb1              6.30     3.47  0.31  0.14    69.05    28.86   214.76     0.02   36.61   3.31   0.15
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