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谷歌拿出500辆无人车免费用!商业化加速

2017-4-28 16:21| 投稿: caiflyer |来自: 互联网

摘要: 车东西文 | 晓寒昨日,谷歌旗下自动驾驶公司Waymo宣布对美国民众提供自动驾驶汽车的试用活动,这一活动将在美国亚利桑那州的凤凰城率先启动,任何居住在该城市的居民都可以申请。用APP预定行程据外媒报道,Waymo的试 ...

车东西

文 | 晓寒

昨日,谷歌旗下自动驾驶公司Waymo宣布对美国民众提供自动驾驶汽车的试用活动,这一活动将在美国亚利桑那州的凤凰城率先启动,任何居住在该城市的居民都可以申请。

用APP预定行程

据外媒报道,Waymo的试用活动与使用Uber/滴滴类似,申请到试用资格的用户可以在一个特定的APP上预定一个行程,但是并不需要付费。

从Waymo放出的视频来看,这一活动使用的是Waymo最新的自动驾驶车型,该车基于菲亚特克莱斯勒(以下简称FCA)的MPV Pacific(在国内就是新一代大捷龙)打造,其车顶装有自动驾驶汽车标志性的激光雷达,非常醒目。

去年5月,谷歌与FCA达成了合作协议,双方将合作生产100辆基于Pacific打造的自动驾驶汽车。很明显,在这一合作中,谷歌拥有完整的自动驾驶技术,包括硬件平台与软件平台,而FCA则负责帮助谷歌更好地将这些硬件塞进这100辆Pacific中。

(配图为Waymo基于Pacific的自动驾驶汽车)

2016年12月,谷歌正式将自动驾驶部门分拆为独立公司Waymo,而其与克莱斯勒合作打造的100辆新款自动驾驶汽车也正式公开亮相。与谷歌之前基于雷克萨斯RX450h改装的测试车,以及自行生产的豆荚小车相比,这些Pacific看上去更像是工业生产的量产车,而非改装车。

据悉,为了更好的进行测试,Waymo为本次开放测试活动额外定制了500辆Pacific自动驾驶测试车,加上之前的100辆Pacific,十几辆雷克萨斯RX450h以及三十多辆豆荚式的小车,Waymo在美国多地进行测试的自动驾驶汽车已经超过了670辆。

不过需要指出的是,在该项活动中,谷歌的这些自动驾驶汽车仍然会配有司机或是工程师进行监管,用户还是需要坐在乘客座位上面。

Waymo CEO,前现代汽车美国公司CEO John Krafcik表示,在凤凰城参加测试的用户可以在周一到周日的每一天,在每一天的任何时候使用Waymo的自动驾驶汽车,并且该活动的测试范围要比Waymo在旧金山的测试范围大两倍。

自动驾驶竞争的加剧与商业困局

2004年,美国国防部高级计划研究局DARPA发起了自动驾驶汽车挑战赛,并吸引了卡耐基梅隆大学、斯坦福等大学,以及通用、英特尔等相关公司的兴趣。2005年,斯坦福大学计算机系与AI实验室教授Sebastian Thrun(塞巴斯特安·特龙)带领的队伍赢得了当年比赛的冠军,随后谷歌的拉里·佩奇和谢尔盖·布林将其挖入谷歌的神秘实验室——Google X。

所以在2007的DARPA自动驾驶挑战赛车,谷歌的LOGO也出现在了特龙团队的自动驾驶汽车之上。

(配图为塞巴斯蒂安特龙与DARPA自动驾驶汽车)

这年的比赛中,特龙所代表的斯坦福战队以第二名惜败卡耐基梅隆大学战队,但是特龙以及其团队则一并加入了谷歌,并在2009年正式开启了谷歌的自动驾驶项目。

谷歌在美国城市里跑着的自动驾驶汽车队伍让全球各大汽车厂商如临大敌。通用、福特、大众、宝马等公司也纷纷将自动驾驶技术的研发放在了公司日程的重要位置,并投下数十亿美元。

2016年3月,媒体报道称通用斥资10亿美元(也有消息称是3亿美元)收购了美国自动驾驶初创公司Cruise Automation。2016年7月,宝马宣布与将英特尔、Mobileye合作生产自动驾驶汽车。随后的8月份,Uber6.8亿美元收购由前谷歌员工创办的自动驾驶公司OTTO,福特也在当月与百度一道向激光雷达龙头公司Velodyne投资1.5亿美元,随后又在2017年2月以10亿美元的价格收购美国人工智能公司Argo AI,以增强自己在自动驾驶方面的实力。

除此之外,像是nuTonomy、驭视科技、智行者、图森、drive.ai、comma.ai、Vecotor.ai等自动驾驶创业公司也纷纷出现,该领域的竞争日趋白热化。

自动驾驶项目耗时耗力,在竞争加剧的同时,实现商业化成了自动驾驶业内公司不得不考虑的一个问题。

国内初创公司图森的做法是将自动驾驶技术与商用卡车相结合,并将在今年10月在高速公路上实现商用,驭视科技把目光放在了低速自动驾驶方面,将针对机场、景区等封闭场景的低速自动驾驶汽车投入了商用,Uber也在2016年8月底,在匹兹堡上线了一部分自动驾驶汽车,允许用户在其APP中付费使用。

(配图为Uber的自动驾驶汽车)

可以说,几乎所有的公司都加快了自己的商业化步伐。谷歌此次开始进行大规模民用测试,也是如此。

Waymo方面表示,他们正是系统通过对这些拥有不同背景、不同职业、不同身份的用户进行测试,来弄明白普通民众将会如何使用自动驾驶汽车,以期更快的找到未来的商业模式。

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本文出自:http://www.toutiao.com/a6413302324278608130/

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