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公开课1210:Win 2008 安装和配置DHCP服务器(上)

2017-7-20 18:04| 投稿: lofor| |来自: 互联网

摘要: 安装DHCP:1.在服务器角色里勾选DHCP服务器2.点击“下一步”3.确认网络连接(安装之前应该先配置好静态IP)4.配置父域与首选DNS(可以先在系统属性计算机命名里设置好DNS后缀)默认首先DNS为127.0.0.1指本地网络,也 ...

安装DHCP:

1.在服务器角色里勾选DHCP服务器

2.点击“下一步”

3.确认网络连接(安装之前应该先配置好静态IP)

 

4.配置父域与首选DNS(可以先在系统属性计算机命名里设置好DNS后缀)

默认首先DNS为127.0.0.1指本地网络,也可以改为本机配置的具体ip地址

 

5.选择不需要WINS服务

6.此添加作用域,也处可以先不添加,待安装完成后新建作用域即可

7.选择禁用DHCPv6(如果要配置IPv6的DHCP请查看配置DHCPv6)

8.选择凭据,选择在AD DS中授权(如果先安装了DHCP再安装AD DS那么应该对DHCP进行AD授权

9.确认配置文件

进入安装状态

安装完成,不需要重启系统

配置DHCP
10、新建作用域
  
新建DHCP名称与描述
  
新建DHCP地址池

填写需要排除的地址

填写租约期限

配置DHCP选项

根据需要添加

默认本机,可以添加实际配置的静态IP(本机ip不要随便改动)

有些网络里面还使用WINS服务 所以可以添加此项解析

激活所以配置,或以后激活

---------------------------------------over-------------------------------------

高级配置部分

    自定义DHCP安全策略

    

    自举协议(BOOTP)是一个基于IP/UDP协议的协议,它可以让无盘站从一个中心服务器上获得IP地址,为LAN 中的无盘工作站分配动态IP地址,并不需要每个用户去设置静态IP地址。使用BOOTP协议的时候,一般包括Bootstrap Protocol Server(自举协议服务端)和Bootstrap Protocol Client(自举协议客户端)两部分。
    首先,由BOOTP启动代码启动客户端,这个时候客户端还没有IP地址,使用广播形式以IP地址255.255.255.255向网络中发出IP地址查询要求。接着,运行BOOTP协议的服务器接收到这个请求,会根据请求中提供的MAC地址找到客户端,并发送一个含有IP地址、服务器IP地址、网关等信息的FOUND帧。最后,客户端会根据该FOUND帧来通过专用TFTP服务器下载启动镜像文件,模拟成磁盘启动。


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