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Apache2.4+版本 SSL证书安装

2017-9-1 00:54| 投稿: xiaotiger |来自: 互联网

摘要: 准备工作:有备案了的http域名,去阿里云或者腾讯云购买SSL证书,请不要用免费的,不然浏览器会给拦截,不予支持;Apache版本请在 2.4 以上!这个用的 phpStudy 继承环境包:第一步;打开 httpd.conf找到 #LoadModul ...

准备工作:有备案了的http域名,去阿里云或者腾讯云购买SSL证书,请不要用免费的,不然浏览器会给拦截,不予支持;

Apache版本请在 2.4 以上!这个用的 phpStudy 继承环境包:

第一步;

打开 httpd.conf

找到 #LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so 和 #Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf,去掉前面的#号注释;

第二步;

编辑Apache根目录下 conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf 文件,修改如下内容:(路径一定要填对,不然启动不了)

配置如下,添加:

<VirtualHost *:443>

SSLEngine on

SSLProtocol all -SSLv2 -SSLv3

SSLCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5#加密的秘钥

SSLCertificateFile D:/Web/maco/ApacheZhengShu/2_wxapi.chinamaco.cn.crt#证书公钥

SSLCertificateKeyFile D:/Web/maco/ApacheZhengShu/3_wxapi.chinamaco.cn.key#证书私钥

SSLCertificateChainFile D:/Web/maco/ApacheZhengShu/1_root_bundle.crt#根证书

DocumentRoot D:/Web/maco

ServerName wxapi.test.com

#ServerAlias test.com

<Directory />

Options +Indexes +FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI

AllowOverride All

Order allow,deny

Allow from all

Require all granted

</Directory>

</VirtualHost>

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

httpd-ssl.conf 参考:

#

# This is the Apache server configuration file providing SSL support.

# It contains the configuration directives to instruct the server how to

# serve pages over an https connection. For detailed information about these

# directives see <URL:http://httpd.apache.org/docs/trunk/mod/mod_ssl.html>;

#

# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding

# what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure

# consult the online docs. You have been warned.

#

#

# Pseudo Random Number Generator (PRNG):

# Configure one or more sources to seed the PRNG of the SSL library.

# The seed data should be of good random quality.

# WARNING! On some platforms /dev/random blocks if not enough entropy

# is available. This means you then cannot use the /dev/random device

# because it would lead to very long connection times (as long as

# it requires to make more entropy available). But usually those

# platforms additionally provide a /dev/urandom device which doesn't

# block. So, if available, use this one instead. Read the mod_ssl User

# Manual for more details.

#

#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/random 512

#SSLRandomSeed startup file:/dev/urandom 512

#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/random 512

#SSLRandomSeed connect file:/dev/urandom 512

#

# When we also provide SSL we have to listen to the

# standard HTTP port (see above) and to the HTTPS port

#

# Note: Configurations that use IPv6 but not IPv4-mapped addresses need two

# Listen directives: "Listen [::]:443" and "Listen 0.0.0.0:443"

#

Listen 443

##

## SSL Global Context

##

## All SSL configuration in this context applies both to

## the main server and all SSL-enabled virtual hosts.

##

# Pass Phrase Dialog:

# Configure the pass phrase gathering process.

# The filtering dialog program (`builtin' is a internal

# terminal dialog) has to provide the pass phrase on stdout.

SSLPassPhraseDialog builtin

# Inter-Process Session Cache:

# Configure the SSL Session Cache: First the mechanism

# to use and second the expiring timeout (in seconds).

#SSLSessionCache "dbm:/Apache24/logs/ssl_scache"

SSLSessionCache "shmcb:/Apache24/logs/ssl_scache(512000)"

SSLSessionCacheTimeout 300

##

## SSL Virtual Host Context

##

###<VirtualHost _default_:443>

# General setup for the virtual host

###DocumentRoot "/Apache24/htdocs"

###ServerName www.example.com:443

###ServerAdmin [email protected]

###ErrorLog "/Apache24/logs/error.log"

###TransferLog "/Apache24/logs/access.log"

# SSL Engine Switch:

# Enable/Disable SSL for this virtual host.

###SSLEngine on

# SSL Cipher Suite:

# List the ciphers that the client is permitted to negotiate.

# See the mod_ssl documentation for a complete list.

# Recent OpenSSL snapshots include Elliptic Curve Cryptograhpy (ECC)

# cipher suites (see RFC 4492) as part of "ALL". Edit this line

# if you need to disable any of those ciphers.

###SSLCipherSuite ALL:!ADH:!EXPORT56:RC4+RSA:+HIGH:+MEDIUM:+LOW:+SSLv2:+EXP:+eNULL

# Server Certificate:

# Point SSLCertificateFile at a PEM encoded certificate. If

# the certificate is encrypted, then you will be prompted for a

# pass phrase. Note that a kill -HUP will prompt again. Keep

# in mind that if you have both an RSA and a DSA certificate you

# can configure both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA

# ciphers, etc.)

# Some ECC cipher suites (http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4492.txt)

# require an ECC certificate which can also be configured in

# parallel.

###SSLCertificateFile "/Apache24/conf/server.crt"

#SSLCertificateFile "/Apache24/conf/server-dsa.crt"

#SSLCertificateFile "/Apache24/conf/server-ecc.crt"

# Server Private Key:

# If the key is not combined with the certificate, use this

# directive to point at the key file. Keep in mind that if

# you've both a RSA and a DSA private key you can configure

# both in parallel (to also allow the use of DSA ciphers, etc.)

# ECC keys, when in use, can also be configured in parallel

###SSLCertificateKeyFile "/Apache24/conf/server.key"

#SSLCertificateKeyFile "/Apache24/conf/server-dsa.key"

#SSLCertificateKeyFile "/Apache24/conf/server-ecc.key"

# Server Certificate Chain:

# Point SSLCertificateChainFile at a file containing the

# concatenation of PEM encoded CA certificates which form the

# certificate chain for the server certificate. Alternatively

# the referenced file can be the same as SSLCertificateFile

# when the CA certificates are directly appended to the server

# certificate for convenience.

#SSLCertificateChainFile "/Apache24/conf/server-ca.crt"

# Certificate Authority (CA):

# Set the CA certificate verification path where to find CA

# certificates for client authentication or alternatively one

# huge file containing all of them (file must be PEM encoded)

# Note: Inside SSLCACertificatePath you need hash symlinks

# to point to the certificate files. Use the provided

# Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.

#SSLCACertificatePath "/Apache24/conf/ssl.crt"

#SSLCACertificateFile "/Apache24/conf/ssl.crt/ca-bundle.crt"

# Certificate Revocation Lists (CRL):

# Set the CA revocation path where to find CA CRLs for client

# authentication or alternatively one huge file containing all

# of them (file must be PEM encoded)

# Note: Inside SSLCARevocationPath you need hash symlinks

# to point to the certificate files. Use the provided

# Makefile to update the hash symlinks after changes.

#SSLCARevocationPath "/Apache24/conf/ssl.crl"

#SSLCARevocationFile "/Apache24/conf/ssl.crl/ca-bundle.crl"

# Client Authentication (Type):

# Client certificate verification type and depth. Types are

# none, optional, require and optional_no_ca. Depth is a

# number which specifies how deeply to verify the certificate

# issuer chain before deciding the certificate is not valid.

#SSLVerifyClient require

#SSLVerifyDepth 10

# Access Control:

# With SSLRequire you can do per-directory access control based

# on arbitrary complex boolean expressions containing server

# variable checks and other lookup directives. The syntax is a

# mixture between C and Perl. See the mod_ssl documentation

# for more details.

#<Location />

#SSLRequire ( %{SSL_CIPHER} !~ m/^(EXP|NULL)/ \

# and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_O} eq "Snake Oil, Ltd." \

# and %{SSL_CLIENT_S_DN_OU} in {"Staff", "CA", "Dev"} \

# and %{TIME_WDAY} >= 1 and %{TIME_WDAY} <= 5 \

# and %{TIME_HOUR} >= 8 and %{TIME_HOUR} <= 20 ) \

# or %{REMOTE_ADDR} =~ m/^192\.76\.162\.[0-9]+$/

#</Location>

# SSL Engine Options:

# Set various options for the SSL engine.

# o FakeBasicAuth:

# Translate the client X.509 into a Basic Authorisation. This means that

# the standard Auth/DBMAuth methods can be used for access control. The

# user name is the `one line' version of the client's X.509 certificate.

# Note that no password is obtained from the user. Every entry in the user

# file needs this password: `xxj31ZMTZzkVA'.

# o ExportCertData:

# This exports two additional environment variables: SSL_CLIENT_CERT and

# SSL_SERVER_CERT. These contain the PEM-encoded certificates of the

# server (always existing) and the client (only existing when client

# authentication is used). This can be used to import the certificates

# into CGI scripts.

# o StdEnvVars:

# This exports the standard SSL/TLS related `SSL_*' environment variables.

# Per default this exportation is switched off for performance reasons,

# because the extraction step is an expensive operation and is usually

# useless for serving static content. So one usually enables the

# exportation for CGI and SSI requests only.

# o StrictRequire:

# This denies access when "SSLRequireSSL" or "SSLRequire" applied even

# under a "Satisfy any" situation, i.e. when it applies access is denied

# and no other module can change it.

# o OptRenegotiate:

# This enables optimized SSL connection renegotiation handling when SSL

# directives are used in per-directory context.

#SSLOptions +FakeBasicAuth +ExportCertData +StrictRequire

###<FilesMatch "\.(cgi|shtml|phtml|php)$">

### SSLOptions +StdEnvVars

###</FilesMatch>

###<Directory "/Apache24/cgi-bin">

### SSLOptions +StdEnvVars

###</Directory>

# SSL Protocol Adjustments:

# The safe and default but still SSL/TLS standard compliant shutdown

# approach is that mod_ssl sends the close notify alert but doesn't wait for

# the close notify alert from client. When you need a different shutdown

# approach you can use one of the following variables:

# o ssl-unclean-shutdown:

# This forces an unclean shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. no

# SSL close notify alert is sent or allowed to be received. This violates

# the SSL/TLS standard but is needed for some brain-dead browsers. Use

# this when you receive I/O errors because of the standard approach where

# mod_ssl sends the close notify alert.

# o ssl-accurate-shutdown:

# This forces an accurate shutdown when the connection is closed, i.e. a

# SSL close notify alert is send and mod_ssl waits for the close notify

# alert of the client. This is 100% SSL/TLS standard compliant, but in

# practice often causes hanging connections with brain-dead browsers. Use

# this only for browsers where you know that their SSL implementation

# works correctly.

# Notice: Most problems of broken clients are also related to the HTTP

# keep-alive facility, so you usually additionally want to disable

# keep-alive for those clients, too. Use variable "nokeepalive" for this.

# Similarly, one has to force some clients to use HTTP/1.0 to workaround

# their broken HTTP/1.1 implementation. Use variables "downgrade-1.0" and

# "force-response-1.0" for this.

###BrowserMatch ".*MSIE.*" \

### nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown \

### downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0

# Per-Server Logging:

# The home of a custom SSL log file. Use this when you want a

# compact non-error SSL logfile on a virtual host basis.

###CustomLog "/Apache24/logs/ssl_request.log" \

### "%t %h %{SSL_PROTOCOL}x %{SSL_CIPHER}x \"%r\" %b"

###</VirtualHost>

#############################################################################

<VirtualHost *:443>

SSLEngine on

SSLProtocol all -SSLv2 -SSLv3

SSLCipherSuite HIGH:MEDIUM:!aNULL:!MD5#加密的秘钥

SSLCertificateFile D:/Web/maco/ApacheZhengShu/2_wxapi.chinamaco.cn.crt#证书公钥

SSLCertificateKeyFile D:/Web/maco/ApacheZhengShu/3_wxapi.chinamaco.cn.key#证书私钥

SSLCertificateChainFile D:/Web/maco/ApacheZhengShu/1_root_bundle.crt#根证书

DocumentRoot D:/Web/maco

ServerName wxapi.test.com

#ServerAlias test.com

<Directory />

Options +Indexes +FollowSymLinks +ExecCGI

AllowOverride All

Order allow,deny

Allow from all

Require all granted

</Directory>

</VirtualHost>

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