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崛起与没落:过去10年全球财富的变化

2018-2-5 11:56| 投稿: lofor |来自: 互联网

摘要: 资本实验室 李鑫 据财富研究机构新世界财富公司(New World Wealth)的最新报告显示,目前全球累积私人财富达到215万亿美元,2017年增长了12%。 这一数字包括了普通大众所拥有的财富,以及全球1520万名百万富翁(1 ...

资本实验室 李鑫

据财富研究机构新世界财富公司(New World Wealth)的最新报告显示,目前全球累积私人财富达到215万亿美元,2017年增长了12%。

这一数字包括了普通大众所拥有的财富,以及全球1520万名百万富翁(100万美元资产)、58.4万名千万富翁(1000万美元资产)和2252名亿万富翁(十亿美元资产)。

事实上,全球私人财富状况处于一种非稳定状态,并随着市场表现、高净值人群变化、人口趋势和其他因素的影响而发生变化。

财富增加最多的TOP10国家

随着发达国家经济发展缓慢,以及发展中国家的崛起,众多发展中国家上榜财富增长Top榜不足为奇。

在亚洲地区,特别是越南、印度、斯里兰卡、印度尼西亚等东南亚国家凭借其重要的地理位置、低廉而充足的劳动力,正在吸引全球制造业的重心向该地区转移,并相应带来了该地区私人财富的强劲增长。

在过去十年中,越南私人财富增长了210%,成为财富增长率最高的国家。这得益于“越南制造”正在一定程度上取代“中国制造”,开始成为一个新兴的全球制造业中心。

目前,越来越多的全球大型制造企业已经将生产中心转移到成本更低的越南,而中国国内很多制造业企业也纷纷在越南、印尼等地区建厂。

新世界财富预测,受当地医疗保健、制造业和金融服务业强劲增长的推动,未来10年,该国财富将进一步增长200%。

尽管近年来GDP增速有所放缓,中国仍然创造了惊人的财富,财富增长率达到198%。即使数以千计的中国富豪移民到加拿大和澳大利亚等地,但中国通过互联网领域的科技创新和创业正在努力创造更多的富裕人士。

毛里求斯这个小岛国家是非洲最成功的故事之一,在过去十年里,财富总值增长了195%。由于该国优惠的税收政策、美丽的海滩以及相对较高的安全评级,吸引了全球大量富裕人士前往,从而为该国带来了大量的财富。

在Top10名单之后的有两大发达经济体:新西兰和澳大利亚。但在过去十年中,这两个国家的财富总值分别增长了90%和83%。这对于财富基础稳固的发达国家来说,是非常可观的数据。

财富减少最多的TOP10国家

值得一提的是,在过去十年中,欧洲是私人财富趋向减少的重灾区,这主要是因为受到2008年的全球金融危机及随之而来的主权债务危机的影响,而欧洲各国一直未能完全走出金融危机的阴影。

在财富减少最多的10个国家中,欧洲国家达到8个,包括芬兰、法国、荷兰、葡萄牙、挪威、西班牙、意大利、希腊。

过去30年来,伦敦一直是全球高净值人群的首选目的地,但在2017年首次出现了变化。过去十年,英国的财富总值下降了2%,变化主要归因于退欧和新税政策的实施。

委内瑞拉的经济危机对财富总值的影响尤其严重。这个曾经是南美最富有的国家,在过去十年中,财富总值损失了48%。

委内瑞拉拥有世界上已经证实的最大的石油储量,石油出口占该国出口总额的90%以上,但受原油价格下降等因素的影响,国内爆发了经济危机。

随着数字货币与区块链技术的火爆,委内瑞拉政府在去年12月发行1亿个单位的数字货币“石油币”,以期拓展国际融资渠道,并挽救经济于水火之中。

受债务危机影响,希腊在2007-2017年间失去了37%的财富,只得靠国际救援贷款度日。

但是,在经历近十年的经济衰退之后,希腊的经济将迎来复苏的希望。据欧盟预测,去年希腊经济连续三个季度增长,预计全年经济将达到1.6%的增长率,并有望摆脱多年的经济衰退,而2018年经济将继续保持增长势头。

可期待的未来

随着全球经济开始复苏,2018年世界经济将继续增长。据预测,2018年,世界经济将摆脱2008年全球金融危机的影响,成为新的经济周期的转折之年。

与此同时,发展中国家已经成为推动全球经济增长的重要力量。据世界银行数据测算,2012-2016年,美国对世界经济增长贡献率为10%,欧盟为8%,日本为2%,而中国达到了34%,超过美、欧、日之和。

可以预期,中国将继续在世界经济中发挥举足轻重的作用,在趋向乐观的国际大环境下,中国的创新、创业与投资都将迎来更佳的时机,而这些因素将继续带动私人财富的增长。

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本文出自:http://www.sohu.com/a/220934997_99950936?_f=index_chan30news_32

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