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从天堂到地狱只需要数周:华强北矿机江湖

2018-2-7 21:56| 投稿: xiaotiger |来自: 互联网

摘要: 从高调的卖方市场到含泪割肉,华强北最近因为矿机又一次成为市场关注的焦点……全球玩家跑华强北求购矿机外媒报道称,受到市场对虚拟货币的火爆需求驱动,中国比特币矿机依托着强大的电子产品制造能力“领跑全球”, ...

从高调的卖方市场到含泪割肉,华强北最近因为矿机又一次成为市场关注的焦点……

全球玩家跑华强北求购矿机

外媒报道称,受到市场对虚拟货币的火爆需求驱动,中国比特币矿机依托着强大的电子产品制造能力“领跑全球”,当前全球三大比特币挖矿机厂商均为中国企业。但也有分析称,由于“挖矿”行为的高能耗性,以及虚拟货币本身的投机交易色彩,监管部门势必不断加强监管,中国比特币矿机产业前景具有相当大的不确定性。

“最近几个月生意非常火爆,以蚂蚁矿机S9(比特币挖矿机的一种——编者注)为例,官网售价是一万(人民币)出头,但是炒货的可以炒到3万多,”刘先生从去年开始在深圳华强北做比特币挖矿机生意,他告诉《环球时报》记者,客户基本来自俄罗斯。

刘先生所说的蚂蚁矿机S9由中国企业生产。彭博社1月22日报道称,从每枚不足1美元疯涨至1万美元的比特币,正受到多国投资者追捧,通过计算机“挖矿”成为一项极为有利可图的业务。

数字货币新闻网站The Cointelegraph称,全球比特币挖矿机最大厂商中国比特大陆,近期推出旗下蚂蚁矿机最新型号A3矿机,该矿机性能进一步升级。除比特大陆外,排名比特币挖矿厂商全球第二、三位的嘉楠耘智和亿邦通信也是中国厂商。

英国《金融时报》称,中国电脑产业发源地之一、有“中国硅谷”之称的深圳华强北,已经成为矿机生产“新的世界中心”,来自美国、日韩、俄罗斯乃至印度的玩家们云集于此,购置设备,“中国人拥有绝对的市场定价权”。

天堂与地狱的距离仅有数周

如果说全球玩家跑华强北求购矿机让华强北的众多老板赚得盆满钵满,满以为可以过个幸福年的时候,却风云突变。

各国政府加强监管,摩根大通、花旗等英国和美国银行业者也禁止用户以信用卡购买比特币等等因素造成比特币为首的虚拟货币一路走低,比特币六日盘中暴跌百分之十六,报5981美元,瑞波币(Ripple)、莱特币(Litecoin)及乙太币(Ether)的跌幅也都至少有百分之十六。

上述发展为加密货币市场遭遇的最新打击,报价网站Coinmarketcap.com的数据显示,一月初各国政府出手打击加密货币以来,加密货币的市值蒸发逾五千亿美元。

持续的杀跌让比特币价格渐渐低于了矿工们的挖矿成本,据数位比特币大型矿场场主称,挖矿成本主要包括矿机和电费,目前大概需要1年才能收回成本。以比特大陆的S9矿机为例,1.8万RMB/台,每天用电大概32.4千瓦时,按照电费0.6元/千瓦时计算,核算下来挖1个比特币的成本约为53415元RMB。

当然,只要有交易就有波动,据交易平台Bitstamp数据显示,北京时间6日15点45分左右,比特币跌破6000美元,7日截至更新回到8000美元上方,最近24小时累涨逾13%。

然而,这又有什么意义呢?日趋严格的监管加上巨大波动都让挖矿和交易比特币成为高风险行业,作为产业链一环的矿机销售,更是备受打击。

A3是比特大陆2018年1月17日限量发售的矿机,出厂价定为20800元,国内外各发售6000台。供不应求的情况下,A3价格水涨船高。1月24日第一财经记者来到华强北赛格广场时,A3的行情为4万元左右。1月26日被炒到了4.5万元。但随着比特币一路下行,A3在1月26日之后开始跌价,“一天一个价”,以一天一两千元的幅度跳水,到现在仅为3万元左右。

王先生2月4日对第一财经记者表示,现在卖矿机不赚钱,反而是亏钱,“过年了,商场10号开始放假,手里压货多,想把它出掉,在心里想会不会再降……我现在手里还有40多台S9,但其实三四天前就卖掉了,S9每天都跌,对方付了订金,但一直在犹豫什么时候来拿。”

在华强北有这样的例子。买家付了订金(订金比例一般在总价的30%到50%,更多是付全款),但拿货时发现,矿机的跌幅已经超过了毁约成本(订金),于是干脆毁约,以最新行情再次下单。

币价疯涨时,一批批淘金人涌入这个虚拟世界,很多人认为,淘金路上,卖铁锹和水的人最赚钱,矿机供应商就是淘金路上的铁锹商贩。然而,当币价持续杀跌或波动巨大的时候,玩票性质的买家开始退出市场,散户追涨杀跌的心态进一步加剧了挖矿的风险,刀光剑影的江湖会让矿机走出“尸山血海”的恐怖局势吗?

对于比特币、矿机和华强北一群为梦想而奋斗的商家,小狮子只能说:来年,愿一切都好!

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shareUrl: https://m.toutiao.com/group/6519794608854008334/, abstract: 中国比特币矿机依托着强大的电子产品制造能力“领跑全球”,当前全球三大比特币挖矿机厂商均为中国企业。但也有分析称,由于“挖矿”行为的高能耗性,以及虚拟货币本身的投机交易色彩。
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